Being human, physicians are prone to error. Not all cases of error legally constitute medical malpractice. However, it is a multi-billion dollar industry that is constantly increasing physician’s medical malpractice insurance costs. A number of references, including the medical malpractice books listed below, provide a better overview of this legal concept.For a medical malpractice claim to be successfully tried against a medical provider, which can include a doctor, surgeon, nurse or, in some circumstances, a hospital, the plaintiff must prove that an act of negligence occurred which resulted in injury. This negligence can range from unintentional, such as a surgeon leaving a gauze pad inside of a patient’s abdomen, to conscious, in which a doctor attempts an experimental drug or procedure that goes awry. In a medical malpractice case, evidence is held against a standard of care which represents the minimum level that a health provider is expected to deliver.